A Complete Guide to Different Types of Wash Basin

In this blog post, you’ll read:A wash basin, or basin, is typically seen in bathrooms. You can wash your hands and face in a washbasin; however, a small or medium-sized wide bowl with minimal depth and a coupling/drainer in the center. With so many different kinds of basins on the market today, it can be hard to find the right one for your bathroom. Here's a quick guide to help you learn about wash basins.

Table of Contents

What Is a Wash Basin? 

A wash basin, or basin, is typically seen in bathrooms. You can wash your hands and face in a washbasin; however, a small or medium-sized wide bowl with minimal depth and a coupling/drainer in the center. With so many different kinds of basins on the market today, it can be hard to find the right one for your bathroom. Here’s a quick guide to help you learn about wash basins.

What Is the Basic Difference Between a Sink and an A-basin?

The primary distinction between a sink and a wash basin is their installation or function. The sinks are predominantly used in kitchens and pantries, whereas the basins are utilized in bathrooms. Aside from this distinction, the basin and sink serve similar functions. Both have a faucet or water valve for water flow and a drainer/coupling for wastewater discharge.

What are the Different Types of Wash Basin

Wall Hung Basin

wall hung basin
wall hung basin

Small corner wall-mounted receptacles eradicate the need for a pedestal or tabletop. These wash basins are available in a variety of affordable and accessible designs. Depending on your preferences, you may hang these basins at different heights. You can hang them high or low. However, when buying a wall-mounted basin, ensure that it is lightweight. In addition to the benefits, wall-mounted basins are ideal for small bathrooms. Since they do not contact the floor, they create an appearance of additional space and keep the area more organized. These wash basins are simple to clean and add elegance to your bathroom.

Why We Install Wall-Hung Washbasins?  

Despite being extremely simple and without decorations, wall-mounted washbasins typically feature modern and inventive designs with clear and straightforward lines that bring purity, majesty, and elegance to the bathroom.

In addition, these washbasins take up little space, and under them, you can store accessories, furniture, or stools, allowing tiny bathrooms to take advantage of storage space.


Simple to clean.

Perfect for small bathrooms or powder rooms.

It can be easily installed at a comfortable height.


· A Strong Wall is needed for the installation

· A limited selection of sizes and styles

· Provide no storage space below the space

Full Pedestal Wash Basins

full pedestal wash basins
full pedestal wash basins

Full pedestals, one of the most classic basins, are very common. The design includes a basin supported by a pedestal that reaches the ground and conceals the drainage system. This type of design makes sure a more stable installation. With these basins, the basin is fixed to the wall, and the pedestal is only there for aesthetic purposes to conceal the pipework.


  • Traditional pedestal basins
  • Contemporary pedestal basins
  • Cloakroom pedestal basins

How Much Space Does a Pedestal Basin Require?

A pedestal basin does not require much space. Before purchasing a pedestal basin, it is always suitable to determine the bathroom’s precise dimensions. Check the most comprehensive section of the selected basin. The width ranges from 420 mm to 1200 mm. Additionally, there is a wide variation in height and depth.

Ensure sufficient space is on both sides of the basin and between it and the opposite wall. The basin getting in the way of the door, preventing it from completely opening, is another typical issue you must be careful of.

Semi Pedestal Basins

semi pedestal basins
Semi pedestal basins

As its name proposes, the semi-pedestal basin is entirely wall-mounted, is half the size of a full pedestal, and primarily conceals the drainage system beneath it. It attaches to the wall with a pedestal to conceal the plumbing. Similar to a wall-hung wash basin, these basins create the illusion of more space, making them perfect for smaller bathrooms.

Disadvantage of Semi Pedestal Basin:

The only drawback of wall-hung basins is that they cannot be mounted to the wall without space beneath them.

What Is the Size of the Half Pedestal Wash Basin?

Semi-pedestal washbasins come in many different sizes, such as 22″ x 16″ x 22″, 21″ x 17″ x 17″, and many more. You have to choose the size which fits best for you.

What Size of Space Is Required for A Semi-Pedestal Basin?

The sizes of half-pedestal basins range from small basins to double basins. Before buying a semi-pedestal basin, measure the widest part to ensure it will fit in your bathroom. To give you an idea, the standard dimensions for a semi-pedestal basin are 350 mm depth by 550 mm wide. The width ranges are between 400 to 700 mm.

Semi-Pedestal Vs. Full Pedestal Wash Basin: What is the Difference?

FeatureSemi Pedestal BasinFull Pedestal Basin
SpaceBecause its pedestal does not touch the ground, it frees up more space than a traditional full pedestal basin.The basin and pedestal are both supported on the wall.
InstallationInstallation is more straightforward because the piping is hidden under a semi-pedestal.Installation is more difficult since the piping must line up with the pedestal.
AppearanceFull pedestal basins are more expensive than semi-pedestal basins.Basin is supported on the wall and pedestal, but the pedestal is fixed on the floor surface.
StabilityDue to the pedestal’s hanging and wall-supported design, it is not as stable as a full pedestal.It is more stable than a pedestal basin.
Full pedestal basin

Corner Basins

corner basins
corner basins

A corner basin is designed to nestle into a 90-degree lavatory corner and projects diagonally outward. Ideal for cloakrooms or smaller restrooms where the only space available is in the room’s corner. The corner basin is a practical and cost-effective solution for your space, available in wall-mounted and freestanding designs.

What Kind of Bathroom Is an Ideal Fit for a Corner Basin?

A corner basin is the best choice for a small restroom. If your bathroom is not extremely small, you can choose between a complete or half-pedestal basin.

The ease with which the space-saving corner basin works in your bathroom is the primary reason for its popularity. An additional benefit is that it occupies less space than a standard or large basin.

A corner wash basin’s higher utility value is another advantage when maximizing available space. This is especially important in a small bathroom where you must maximize the use of narrow corners.

How Do I Select a Corner Basin?

A corner washbasin is ideal for a compact restroom with an available corner. Consider the dimensions and design of your preferred faucet. Installing a tiny faucet on a large basin or vice versa is improper. Ensure that the size and design of the faucet are proportional to that of the sink.

Countertop Wash Basin

countertop wash basin
Countertop wash basin

The countertop wash basin features a wash basin placed above the countertop. It is one of the earliest design techniques used in manufacturing washbasins, and it features a stunning appearance, greater variety, round, square, and other shapes, and a practical decorative effect.

  • Advantages:
  • Provide ample countertop space.
  • Installation is possible on any countertop surface
  • A variety of sizes and designs are available.
  • Disadvantages:
  • It requires a larger countertop surface.
  • Cleaning is more complex around the edges.

Undermount Basin

undermount basin
Undermount basin

When remodeling or redesigning your bathroom, inset basins, known as under-mount or under-counter basins, offer a refined design choice. Inset into a bathroom countertop, these basins offer a fuss-free, streamlined appearance that appeals to contemporary preferences. Installing this basin beneath a countertop is known as an undermount basin.


  • Easy to maintain.
  • Offers sufficient countertop space
  • Offers an elegant, seamless appearance


  • Installation may need a larger countertop surface
  • More installation difficulties than other varieties of reservoirs
  • There are few choices for sizes and designs

Shape and Design of Undermount Basin

Inset basins beneath a countertop give your bathroom a clean, minimalist appearance. They are especially useful if you want to implement stowage. Utilize the space beneath your sink or the countertop as a storage solution.

There are a variety of basin designs. They can be round, rectangular, oval, or square and, if desired, are compatible with wall-mounted faucets not affixed to the basin. These provide the stylish and luxurious option of combining the sink inset with a long, integrated countertop.

What Is the Standard Size of the Wash Basin?

  • Small: 

15 to 20 inches in length, 9 to 12 inches in width, and 5 3/4 to 7 inches in depth.

  • Medium: 

Measurements range from 20 to 30 inches in length, 19 to 24 inches in width, and approximately 7 inches in depth.

  • Large: 

19 to 24 inches in width, 30 to 50 inches in length, and 5 inches in height.

Different Materials Used for Wash Basin Manufacturing


Acrylics are exceedingly lightweight and can be molded into any shape or size. However, its plastic structure additionally displays several drawbacks. First, they are not as durable as basins built from other materials, such as Ceramic or Marble, as steel wool can easily scratch them. Second, as is the case with all materials for plastics, it burns readily and leaves permanent traces.


Because of its durability, ease of maintenance, and attractive appearance, ceramic has become one of the most preferred basin materials. It is stain-resistant, simple to clean, and long-lasting, making it an excellent choice for households with kids or those who value cleanliness. The prevalent access to ceramic sinks means their basin costs can fit an extensive range of budgets.

Metal Finishes:

Metals like stainless steel and aluminum can also make wash basins. These stunning finishes can make your bathroom look better and great if you want to make a modern room. Also, they need a little extra care to keep their attractive appearances.

Buying Guide to Different Types of Wash Basins

I hope you now understand how vital modern washbasins are and what they can do for you. But don’t just buy a wash basin without researching it. You must buy the right one for your home to get the most out of a basin. And to do that, there are a few things you need to think about before buying a wash bowl.

  • Wash Basin’s Material

There are many choices when it comes to selecting the suitable material. But ceramic is famous because most people care about style, looks, and functionality. It’s more popular than other materials for several reasons: the material has been used for decades, it has a unique old-world appearance, and these basins look attractive in any environment. So, there are many kinds of wash basins to choose from, including ones made of marble, ceramics, glass, and stone. Even though there are many colors of ceramic washbasins on the market, white is by far the most popular color for bathrooms. But you need to make sure you pick a sink made of a suitable material for your home since each has a different purpose.

  • Wash Basin Type

A newly remodeled bathroom can improve Your home’s style, turning it into a unique, stylish place that can’t be found anywhere else. So, the type of wash bowl you choose will give your bathroom a royal look. You should decide if you want a half-pedestal wash basin, a wash basin on a table, or a wash basin hanging on the wall.

  • Mount Type

Wash basins can be mounted to the wall or the table, or they can stand on their own. If you choose fixed washbasins, determine which will work best in your bathroom. A resilient wash basin that is part of the design gives it a sleek, attractive look. This way, choosing an appropriate mount for your wash basin is essential.

  • Space in Your Bathroom

Don’t spend money on a sink that’s too big or too small for your bathroom. Before choosing a design, you should measure the space where you want to put the basin and other features, like drawers or cupboards. This will help you choose a basin that is the right size.

  • Choosing the Right Faucets

Having the right faucet for the basin is vital because it should match the style of your basin and bathroom. There will be a lot of different faucets to select from.

  • Level of Maintenance Needs

Wash basins made of different materials and styles might need various maintenance. Think about whether you want a wash basin that is easy to clean and keep or if you prefer a little more maintenance.

basin vs sink
Basin vs sink

Which Type of Basin Is Best for Your Bathroom?

The best basin for you will depend on several factors, including the design of your restroom, your particular preferences, and your budget. A pedestal basin is an excellent option if you want a fashionable and practical basin. Pedestal basins are available in various styles and configurations, making them suitable for bathrooms of any size.

  • If you have limited space in your bathroom, a wall-hung or corner basin is an excellent choice.
  • A countertop or integrated basin is an excellent option if you prefer a basin incorporated into the countertop.
  • A tabletop basin is an excellent
  • choice if you want a simple basin to install. Tabletop basins are available in numerous sizes and configurations, making them suitable for various bathroom layouts.

Ultimately, the best form of the basin will depend on your requirements, aesthetic preferences, and budget. Before making a decision, it is crucial to consider each of these factors.

Guide to Different Types of Wash Basin: Final Words

A bathroom without a useful, durable, attractive washbasin isn’t complete. It improves the atmosphere of the bathroom by matching the existing decor. A poorly planned choice might cause problems in the home even if wash basins aren’t vital. Hundreds of different kinds of washbasins are on the market nowadays, making it tough to choose. It all relies on the intended place of residence, the intended function, the intended consumers, and, most significantly, the desired outcome.

What We Solve in this Article?

As this article is about the different types of washbasins, I first try to clarify the difference between wash basins and sinks, as these terms are interchangeable. Moreover, I clarify the types of some important wash basins with their useful facts such as their background, advantages, disadvantages, size, etc. I also describe the standard size of small, medium, and large wash basins as it’s important to know for buyers. Further, I try to enlighten what material manufacturers use to manufacture the wash basin. Ultimately, I explain what factors to consider before buying any wash basin.

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