What is Wastewater Treatment Equipment? A Complete List of Applications

In this blog post, you’ll read:It is often polluted water that we treat here. The treatment is a lengthy procedure. The biggest perk is that wastewater converts to pure water. We can use this water for many applications. It helps save natural water resources.

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Wastewater treatment purifies water. It is often polluted water that we treat here. The treatment is a lengthy procedure. The biggest perk is that wastewater converts to pure water. We can use this water for many applications. It helps save natural water resources. In this article, we will discuss equipment for treating wastewater. Here is all about wastewater treatment and its equipment.

What is Wastewater Treatment Equipment?

Wastewater treatment equipment is the machines in purifying wastewater. Wastewater is the water we have used before. This equipment helps to remove harmful substances from the wastewater. Thus, we can release the water into the environment for using it again. The process for purification of water is the wastewater treatment process.

Treatment Equipment

Why is Wastewater Treatment Important?

It is very significant to treat wastewater, and here are the main reasons for it.


Protecting the Environment.

Wastewater contains harmful substances. These pollutants can harm plants, animals, and ecosystems if released into water resources. Wastewater treatment removes these pollutants. It makes the water safe before it returns to nature. This helps protect our environment and the creatures that live in it.

Clean and Safe Water.

Wastewater treatment makes the water we use for daily activities clean and safe. By removing contaminants from wastewater, treatment plants provide potable water. It is free from harmful bacteria, chemicals, etc.

Preventing Diseases.

Wastewater often contains bacteria and viruses that can make people sick. We can end these harmful microorganisms by treating wastewater. It reduces the risk of waterborne diseases. It helps to keep communities healthy and prevents the spread of illnesses.

Conserving Water Resources.

Water is a priceless resource, and treating wastewater allows us to reuse it. After treatment, we can use the water for various purposes. These include irrigation (watering plants and crops) and industrial processes. We can even use it to save natural water sources like rivers and lakes. Wastewater treatment increases our water resources and reduces the load on existing supplies.

Protecting Wildlife.

Polluted water can harm fish, birds, and aquatic animals. Treating wastewater causes the removal of debris. It creates a healthy environment for these creatures to survive. Clean water supports a healthy ecosystem. It ensures that wildlife can thrive and stay in their natural habitats.

Wastewater Treatment Process:

Here is a detailed explanation of the wastewater treatment process.

Treatment Process


Wastewater comes from homes and industries through underground sewer lines. The wastewater flows through these pipes to a wastewater treatment plant.

Initial Treatment: 

The process starts by removing big objects in the water. Screens catch things like sticks, plastic, and trash. This prevents these items from clogging the equipment.

Primary Treatment: 

The wastewater passes through a settling tank after the above treatment. The water slows down in this tank. It allows heavy particles from wastewater to settle to the bottom. These particles are sludge and are then removed from the tank. This step eliminates the waste’s solid materials from 50% to 70%.

Primary Treatment

Secondary Treatment: 

The wastewater then moves to secondary treatment. Here, it undergoes a biological treatment. In this step, the water mixes with bacteria. They eat organic matter, such as human waste and pollutants. These bacteria break down the trash and convert them into harmless byproducts. This helps to clean the water further.


After the secondary treatment, the water goes to a clarifier tank. The remaining solid particles or bacteria settle to the base. They form a sludge there. The transparent water at the top is then separated. It is then sent for further treatment.

Tertiary Treatment: 

Some wastewater plants have an extra step called tertiary treatment. This step applies when the water needs further purification. An example is the case of reusing it for irrigation or industries. Tertiary treatment can involve filtration and disinfection. It may have a chemical treatment. It removes leftover garbage.


It is the final step of the wastewater treatment process. This kills bacteria, microorganisms, and viruses. Disinfection occurs using chlorine or exposing the water to ultraviolet (UV) light. This ensures that the treated water is safe and free from pathogens.

Water Discharge: 

Once the wastewater undergoes treatment, it returns to the environment. We can release it into rivers or oceans. We can also use it for irrigation or industrial needs. It depends on local regulations and conditions.

List of Wastewater Treatment Equipment and Their Role:

Wastewater treatment equipment is the group of tools that carry out the process. Here is the list of wastewater treatment equipment and their role.

1. Industrial Valves:

Industrial Valves with stainless steel

Industrial valves play a significant role in different stages of wastewater treatment. Let’s explore their functions in each location.

Process Stage.Role of Industrial Valves.
Initial Treatment.Control Flow through screens or filters to prevent blockage.
Primary Treatment.Regulate flow in sedimentation tanks for efficient settling.
Secondary Treatment.Control flow into biological reactors for pollutant breakdown.
Tertiary Treatment.Regulate flow through filtration systems for further purification.
Disinfection.Control flow through disinfection units to end pathogens.

Initial Treatment: 

Industrial valves control wastewater through screens in this stage. These valves ensure that the wastewater passes through the screens. They catch objects like sticks, plastics, and debris. By controlling the valves, operators can ensure efficient water screening. It prevents these large objects from entering the treatment system.

Primary Treatment: 

During this stage, valves help settle clarifiers. These tanks let the heavy particles pay at the bottom. Valves control wastewater flow into and out of the tanks. It ensures proper settling time. By adjusting the valves, we can maintain an effective settling process.

Secondary Treatment: 

In the secondary stage, valves work in reactors like biofilm. These valves control the wastewater flow into the reactors. It lets water come into contact with beneficial microorganisms. These valves ensure that the right amount of wastewater enters the reactors. It promotes the growth of microorganisms that break down organic matter.

Tertiary Treatment: 

Industrial valves also have a role in the tertiary stage. It involves extra purification steps to remove leftovers. Valves control wastewater flow through sand or membrane filters. These valves help regulate the passage of sewage. It lets it undergo further treatment for a higher level of purity.


Valves work in the disinfection stage. The water disinfects to kill bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens. Valves control wastewater flow through chlorine contact tanks or UV disinfection. By using these valves, wastewater receives the proper contact time with disinfectants.

2. Ultrafiltration System:

Ultrafiltration System
Stage of Wastewater Treatment.Role of Ultrafiltration System
Primary TreatmentNo function in the primary stage.
Secondary TreatmentRemoves smaller particles and microorganisms after biological treatment.
Tertiary TreatmentIt acts as a fine filter. It also ensures high water purity by removing impurities.
Filtration and DisinfectionContributes to achieving clarity and safety of the treated water.

Ultrafiltration is a filtration system in the wastewater treatment process. It uses a semi-permeable membrane to separate solid particles from water. It is an effective filtration that removes even smaller particles and impurities.

In the UF system, water passes through a unique and fine filter. This membrane has tiny pores, allowing water molecules to pass through. The membrane blocks larger particles. These may be bacteria, suspended solids, and viruses. It acts like a sieve that only allows clean water while trapping the impurities.

Here is the role of the UF system in different stages of the process.

Primary Treatment: 

The ultrafiltration system does not work during this stage. This stage focuses on processes like screening to remove solid particles.

Secondary Treatment: 

In the secondary stage, the UF is an advanced treatment process. After the wastewater undergoes biological treatment, the ultrafiltration system comes into play. It acts as a filter, removing smaller particles that survived the natural treatment.

Tertiary Treatment: 

The ultrafiltration system has a central role during tertiary treatment. This stage focuses on further polishing the wastewater to a high purity level. This system is essential to this process, removing any remaining impurities. This ensures that the final treated water meets stringent quality standards.

Filtration and Disinfection: 

The UF is a critical filtration step in wastewater treatment. It helps in achieving a high level of clarity and purity in the treated water. After ultrafiltration, the water may undergo chlorination or ultraviolet (UV) treatment.

3. Reverse Osmosis System:

Reverse Osmosis System
Stage of Wastewater TreatmentRole of Reverse Osmosis System
Primary TreatmentNo Role.
Secondary TreatmentIt’s Not involved.
Tertiary TreatmentRemoves dissolved substances and impurities.
DisinfectionSupports the disinfection process by providing already purified water.

A Reverse Osmosis (RO) system is equipment in wastewater treatment. It uses a membrane to purify water by removing impurities. The RO is an effective process that removes solids and other pollutants. It kills particles still in the water after the primary and secondary stages.

During the Reverse Osmosis process, water pushes through a semi-permeable membrane. It acts like an excellent filter. This membrane has tiny pores that allow water molecules to get across. It also hinders the larger molecules.

Tertiary Treatment: The Reverse Osmosis system functions during tertiary treatment. After the secondary treatment, the water undergoes further purification. The RO system plays a crucial role in removing impurities in the water. It acts like a specialized filter, allowing only clean water molecules to pass.

Disinfection: After the Reverse Osmosis process, the water may undergo disinfection. The RO gives indirect support to the disinfection process by purifying the water. It allows the disinfectants to work more, killing microorganisms.

4. Vacuum Evaporation and Distillation:

Stage of Wastewater TreatmentRole of Vacuum Evaporation and Distillation
Primary TreatmentNot Involved.
Secondary TreatmentNot involved.
Tertiary TreatmentRemove dissolved solids and impurities for further purification.
Filtration and DisinfectionNo Role.

These are two methods of wastewater treatment. They both separate pollutants from water. Vacuum evaporation involves heating the wastewater in a vacuum environment. These conditions of low pressure lower the boiling point of the water. It causes it to vaporize at a lower temperature. As the water evaporates, it leaves the contaminants in the liquid phase. Pure water is the collection of condensed vapors. In contrast, the pollutants get disposed of.

Distillation involves heating the wastewater to its boiling point and collecting vapors. As the wastewater boils, the water molecules evaporate and rise as vapor. It leaves behind the contaminants in the liquid phase—this condensation of steam results in pure water. Here also, the impurities are separated and disposed of.

Both vacuum evaporation and distillation are effective methods. They often treat industrial wastewater or recover valuable resources from the wastewater. These processes can remove dissolved solids, heavy metals, and other impurities. It results in pure water that we can reuse or release into the ecosystem.

Vacuum evaporation and distillation are energy-intensive. It is because of the heating they need. They apply as part of advanced treatment methods. We also use them where they suit the energy costs. The choice between vacuum evaporation and distillation depends on the resources and infrastructure.

The role of vacuum evaporation and distillation begins in the tertiary stage.

Tertiary Treatment: 

The tertiary stage aims to purify the water to high quality. Vacuum evaporation and distillation functions in this stage. They play a crucial role in removing impurities after the earlier treatment stages. These methods use heat to evaporate the water, leaving behind the contaminants. The vapors then condense to get purified water. This process helps achieve a higher level of purity in the treated water.

Filtration and Disinfection: 

After the tertiary treatment, the water undergoes filtration and disinfection. Vacuum evaporation and distillation do not apply to this stage. Their role is to remove impurities rather than microorganisms.

5. Paper Bed Filter:

Paper Bed Filter
Stage of Wastewater TreatmentRole of Paper Bed Filter
Primary TreatmentThey are not utilized.
Secondary TreatmentIt’s Not involved.
Tertiary TreatmentRemoves small suspended particles for further purification.
Filtration and DisinfectionEquipment not utilized.

A paper bed filter in wastewater treatment removes solid particles from water. It passes the wastewater through a bed of porous paper material.

A paper bed filter consists of a container with layers of unique paper material. This paper has small pores or tiny holes. It allows water to pass while trapping solid particles and debris. The paper bed is a physical barrier when the wastewater passes from the filter. It captures the contaminants and allows only clean water.

As the wastewater passes the paper bed, the solid particles get trapped within the fibers. Over time, more and more particles accumulate. The filter becomes clogged, and its efficiency decreases. So, regular maintenance and replacement of the paper bed are necessary. It is vital to optimize the filter functions.

Tertiary Treatment: 

The tertiary stage aims to purify the water further before reusing it. The paper bed filter works in this stage. It plays a crucial role in removing small suspended particles. These particles may remain in the water after the earlier treatment stages. The paper bed in wastewater treatment acts as a physical barrier. It captures and retains these particles while allowing clean water passage.

6. Tramp Oil Separator:

Stage of Wastewater TreatmentRole of Tramp Oil Separator
Primary TreatmentNo role.
Secondary TreatmentNo role.
Tertiary TreatmentRemoves oils and greases for further purification.
Filtration and DisinfectionNo role.

A tramp oil separator removes unwanted oils and grease from contaminated water. Industrial processes, such as machining, oils, and fats, can pollute the water. Tramp oils can harm the environment and the performance of the treatment process. Tramp oil separators address this issue by separating these oils from the wastewater.

The tramp oil separator operates using a combination of gravity and mechanical processes. The contaminated water enters the walls. Due to the difference in densities, the tramp oils, being lighter, tend to float to the surface. Specialized skimming devices or suction pumps collect the oils at the surface. It prevents them from mixing back into the water.

Once the tramp oils separate, the cleaner water can continue through wastewater treatment. Removing tramp oils is crucial because they can hurt the process. Tramp oil separators are common in industrial settings where oily wastewater is generated. It includes manufacturing plants, automotive workshops, and metalworking facilities. By removing oils and greases, tramp oil separators help to protect the environment.

Tertiary Treatment: 

The tramp oil separator plays a crucial role in this stage. It removes oils and greases that may still be in the water after the earlier stages. By eliminating these oils, the separator ensures that water has quality standards. It prevents wastewater from harming the environment or interfering with treatment processes.

7. Solid Bowl Centrifuge:

Stage of Wastewater TreatmentRole of Solid Bowl Centrifuge
Primary TreatmentNo role.
Secondary TreatmentNo role.
Tertiary TreatmentSeparates and removes solid particles for higher water purity.
Filtration and DisinfectionNo role.

A solid bowl centrifuge in wastewater treatment separates solid particles from wastewater. It utilizes centrifugal force to achieve separation. It is an essential tool in wastewater treatment.

A solid bowl centrifuge has a bowl that rotates and a screw conveyor. The wastewater enters the centrifuge and goes into the rotating bowl. As the bowl spins fast, centrifugal force is generated. It causes the solid particles in the wastewater to move toward the bowl’s inner wall.

The solid particles, being denser, gather on the bowl’s inner wall. It forms a layer or cake. The screw conveyor inside the bowl moves in the opposite direction. It pushes the solid cake toward the exit of the centrifuge.

The solid cake separates from the liquid when it reaches the discharge end. We can remove it for further processing or disposal. The clarified liquid flows out of the centrifuge for other treatments or discharge.

Solid bowl centrifuges are standard wastewater equipment. They can separate sludge, sediment, or other particulate matter. This separation process reduces the pollutant load and improves the treated water’s quality.

Tertiary Treatment: 

The solid bowl centrifuge plays a crucial role in this stage. It separates solid particles, such as sludge or sediment, from the wastewater. The centrifuge achieves a higher purity level in the treated water by removing waste.

8. Vaccum Filter:

Vaccum Filter
Stage of Wastewater TreatmentRole of Vacuum Filter
Primary TreatmentNo role.
Secondary TreatmentNo role.
Tertiary TreatmentRemoves smaller solid particles for higher water purity.
Filtration and DisinfectionNo role.

A vacuum filter is wastewater equipment that separates solid particles for high purity. It creates a vacuum to draw the liquid via a filter medium while retaining the solid particles.  

A vacuum filter has a set of filter plates or a rotating drum. The drum has a porous filter medium. It allows the liquid to get across while retaining the solid particles. A pressure difference rises between the filter medium’s inside and outside.

When the wastewater enters the vacuum filter, the vacuum applies. It draws the liquid through the filter medium, leaving solid particles behind. The vacuum accelerates filtration by increasing the fluid’s rate through the filter.

The liquid reaches a container via a filter medium. The solid particles gather on the filter medium’s surface. We can use many methods to remove the contaminants from the filter. These may be scraping and backwashing, depending on the design of the vacuum filter.

Tertiary Treatment:

A vacuum filter removes smaller solid particles after secondary treatment. The treatment plant can achieve a higher purity in the treated water with a vacuum filter. It makes treated water a fit for various applications.

Industries that Use Wastewater Treatment Equipment:

Wastewater treatment equipment in various sectors treats and purifies water. Here are the top industries that use wastewater equipment.

Textile Industry: 

Textile Industry

The textile industry uses significant amounts of water in stages of production. It results in wastewater with dyes, chemicals, and organic matter. Wastewater treatment equipment is essential to separate these pollutants in this industry. It ensures that the treated water is reliable.

Pharmaceutical Industry: 

The pharmaceutical industry release chemicals, releases, etc. Wastewater treatment equipment removes waste. It helps this industry in getting rid of pollutants. This treatment protects the ecosystem and public health.

Oil and Gas Industry:

Oil and Gas Industry

The oil and gas industry generates wastewater during extraction, refining, and processing. This wastewater often contains oil, hydrocarbons, and other harmful substances. Wastewater treatment equipment is significant in separating and removing these contaminants. It makes the reuse of water safe and healthy.

Mining Industry:

Mining Industry

The mining industry produces wastewater. It can get contaminated with minerals, metals, and chemicals. Wastewater treatment equipment removes these pollutants. It prevents environmental and human health harm.



Municipalities use wastewater treatment equipment. This wastewater is generated from households, businesses, and public facilities. This equipment ensures that the wastewater gets treated before reusing. It protects public health and the environment by removing pathogens from the wastewater.

Food and Beverage Industry:

Food and Beverage Industry

The food and beverage industry produces wastewater with organic matter, nutrients, and contaminants. Wastewater treatment equipment helps remove these substances. It checks that the water meets the best standards. We can reuse the treated water for non-potable purposes or discharge it.

Paper and Pulp Industry:

Paper and Pulp Industry

The paper and pulp industry generates wastewater containing chemicals, lignin, and organic matter. Wastewater treatment equipment separates and removes these substances. It treats water well and does not cause harm to the environment.

How to Get the Right Wastewater Equipment for Treatment?

Wastewater treatment is vital to save water. It is compulsory for many industries. Yet, the selection of wastewater equipment varies. Each industry has its specific wastewater needs. The equipment must suit the working of the industrial machinery. Thus, the choice of wastewater treatment equipment must be precise. Here are some general keylines for buying equipment.

  • Treatment Needs:  

The first step is to find the treatment needs of the industry. Check for the wastewater characteristics. These are volume, composition, and contaminants.  

  • Research Options:

Next is to research the available options for treatment equipment. There are various types of wastewater equipment. UF, RO systems, paper filters, etc. Each equipment type has its features and advantages.  

  • Check Budget:  

Consider budget when selecting wastewater equipment. Choose wastewater equipment that matches your industry and budget.

  • Review Performance and Reviews:  

Must review the performance of the selected wastewater equipment. Look for feedback from other equipment users.

  • Treatment Objectives:  

Set the treatment objectives for the wastewater. For example, some may need to meet specific discharge regulations. In contrast, others may aim to achieve water reuse for processes. The wastewater equipment you choose should align with these objectives.  

  • Expert Advice:  

It is beneficial to consult with wastewater treatment professionals. They can guide you in selecting wastewater equipment. Wastewater experts recommend suitable equipment due to their experience.  

FAQs About Wastewater Treatment Equipment:

Q: What is wastewater treatment equipment?

A: Wastewater treatment equipment is the machines that treat wastewater. It helps remove pollutants, chemicals, and harmful substances from the wastewater.  

Q: What types are available for wastewater treatment equipment?

A: There are many available types of wastewater treatment equipment. It includes industrial valves, UF systems, and RO systems. Paper filters, vacuum filters, and centrifuges are some other types. Each kit has its function and removes different contaminants from the wastewater.

Q: How is wastewater treatment equipment selected?

A: Selecting wastewater treatment equipment involves treatment needs, available options, and objectives. The equipment should be able to clean the wastewater. Its characteristics should meet the desired treatment goals.

Q: Can wastewater treatment equipment completely clean all types of sewage?

A: Wastewater treatment equipment can remove many pollutants and contaminants from the wastewater. Yet, it may only clean some types of pollutants. Some harmful or complex pollutants need different treatment methods or advanced equipment.

Q: What happens to the treated wastewater after it goes through the equipment?

A: After treatment, we can use it for non-potable uses in irrigation or industries. In some cases, it may go back into rivers or oceans. But only if it meets the required quality standards and doesn’t harm public health.

Wrapping Up:

Wastewater treatment is vital to save water and reuse it. Wastewater treatment is mandatory for many industries. The equipment for this treatment should be adequate. The process holds natural reserves of water. We can release the treated water to fields or in industrial processes.

Wastewater treatment equipment eases the process. The machines drive a series of operations to remove waste from the water. You should select the equipment by considering wastewater nature.

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