People think that a sink fitting in the kitchen is difficult, but it will not be difficult if you know the different parts and their uses in a kitchen sink. In this article, we discuss that. We will also discuss the installation process of the kitchen sink, so please stay with us.
Faucet: Faucet is the most common part of sink fittings. In a faucet part, you will find a water spout, controls, gaskets, flanges, aerators, washers, and an assortment of screws. It depends on the kitchen sink faucet in your home.
Control: Control is an element used to on/off your faucet in a sink. It prevents continuous water flow in your basin, and you can use water when needed.
Basin: Basin is a part of the sink that receives water from the faucet. There is a tailpiece that takes water to the drain line.
Clean out: Clean-out sink fitting is adjusted with a basin. It removes clogs and debris from the wastewater and moves the water to the p trap/waste trap.
Tailpiece: The tailpiece is a part of the kitchen sink used to extract water from the basin. It has a threaded center, adjusted with the p-trap or a tailpipe. It helps the wastewater move to the drain pipe.
Waste Trap: The waste trap is a sink element that receives the wastewater from the basin. It makes a water seal that prevents the odor and germs come into your house.
Water Supply Line: The water supply line is related to the sink faucet. It serves hot or cold water to the faucet.
Shut off Valve or Stop: The shut-off valve controls the water flow in a sink. Suppose the water supply in your house is open, and you need to monitor the sink water. Then Shut off valve will help you in such a situation.
You will find common body parts in a kitchen that use the most other sinks, such as basin, faucet, control lever, and hot or cold water supply line. But you will find some extra parts in the kitchen sink. Here we focus on those parts.
Escutcheon: An escutcheon is a part of a sink used to hide the unsightly hole in the wall. People also call them flanges or cover plates.
Spray head: Spray head is a sink part that makes it easy to wash your dishes. You can use a faucet or spray head in your sink. The benefit of a spray head is you can use water force to wash dishes.
Strainer: The strainer is a sink element that helps to filter waste from the basin. Generally, it consists of three parts a strainer body, a coupling, and a flange. The waste strainer receives water from the basin sink and sends it to the waste trap.
Garbage Disposal: Garbage disposal is a kitchen sink element under the tailpiece. When washing your dishes, you can identify some food waste. Generally, garbage disposal collects them from the basin and sends the wastewater to the p trap. It prevents the stench and germs come into your house by making a water seal. It also saves your drainage system from locking.
Now we discuss the installation process of the kitchen sink step by step:
2. Measure and cut the hole below in the sink to determine where you would like the sink positioned. You must ensure enough clearance on all sides of the sink underneath the countertop. With the sink upside down, you should trace around the edge. The sink has either a U-channel or an integrated rail mounting system. If your sink has a u-channel, draw a cut line 1/4″ inside the outline. If your sink has an integrated rail, draw a cut line 3/8″ inside the outline. Then drill a pilot hole in the cut line using a jigsaw. The last thing you need to do attaching the sink to the countertop. If your sink has a u-channel mounting system, installation clips and threaded screws are available. Then center the sink into the counter opening and drop it in place. Apply pressure to all sides. Partially thread a screw into each clip. Under the countertop, slide the installation clips into each mounting rail and distribute the clips around the sink. Tighten the screws until the sink is drawn down to the countertop. Be sure not to overtighten and remove any excess caulk. If your sink has an integrated rail pivoting, installation clips are available. You must insert two clips per rail and rotate each back towards the sink bowl. Then Center the sink to the counter opening and drop it. Apply pressure to all sides. After that, swing the installation clips to the countertop, and the teeth grip into it. Tighten each screw until the sink is drawn to the countertop and remove any excess call.
3. Now it is time for faucet fittings. To install the faucet, you will need to place the gasket on the underside of the assembly. Then, slide it over the supply lines and position the faucet on the mounting surface of the sink. After that, slip the mounting bracket in place and install the nut until it’s half an inch below the bracket. Connect the mixed water lines to the corresponding supply valves and tighten them. Then turn the water on. The last thing you will need to do is test the faucet and sprayer and check for any leaks. If their any leaks, tighten the connection but not over-tighten. You may also need to unscrew the aerator, run water for about a minute and then screw it.
4. We are coming to the last stage and need to fit the drain line. For this process, set up the drain strainer in the basin first and attach the new tailpiece. For this, put the tailpiece washer into the strainer end and screw the lock nut onto the sink strainer. A double basin sink will require the t-fitting to join the two tailpieces. First, attach the fittings with slip washers and nuts to do this. Then, apply pipe lubricant on the slip washer to ensure tightness and fit. Now it’s time to attach the trap arm to the drain stub-out. For this, Screw your slip nut and washer and keep the beveled side of your washer face up. Next, attach the trap bend to the trap arm using slip nuts and washers. Use slip-joint pliers to tighten all the nuts. Be sure not to over-tighten, which can cause cracking. Finally, you have done the work. You can also use the garbage disposal between the tailpiece and waste trap to secure your drainage system.